Allama iqbal essay
Allama Iqbal is our national poet. He was born at Sialkot on November 9, 1877. He belonged to
a respectable Kashmiri family. One of his forefathers left Kashmir and settled in Sialkot. His
father Sheikh Noor Muhammad was a pious and religious man. Allama Iqbal inherited mysticism
and deep love for his religion from his parents.
Allam Iqbal received his early education from Mission High School, Sialkot and passed the
intermediate examination from Murray College. His teacher, Molvi Mir Hassan was a learned
and pious man. Iqbal had the good fortune of studying Arabic, Persian and Islamic Studies
under the inspiring guidance of his teacher. In one of his poems, he applauded the love,
affection, and care of his teacher bestowed upon him. Then he went to Lahore and passed his
M.A examination from Government College Lahore. He joined the teaching staff of the college
Govt. College Lahore and served there for some time
In 1905 he went to Europe for higher studies in Philosophy and Law. He did his Ph.D. in
Philosophy from Germany and Bar-at-law from London. He served as a professor of Arabic at
London University for six months. His stay in Europe was of great importance. He was not
impressed by Western civilization. That is why he criticized it in his poetry. He also predicted
that the materialistic civilization of the West is to lead them only towards destruction.
When he returned home, He started the law practice in Lahore High Court. But he was more
interested in poetry than in law. He devoted most of his time to poetry, philosophy, and religion.
He aroused and united the Muslims through his poetry. In fact, he had great love and sympathy
for the Muslims of India. He wanted to see them united and free. He wrote many poems for the
Iqbal presided over the Allahabad Session of All-India Muslim League in 1930. Here he gave us
the idea of Pakistan. He said that the only solution to the problems of the Indian Muslims was a
separate Muslim state. He preached that slavery was the greatest curse. The Muslims should
break the chains of slavery. He pointed out the main causes of the decline of Muslims.
Allam Iqbal was a great poet of Urdu and Persian. He was an inspired and creative poet. He
dreamt of a separate homeland for the Muslims of the Sub-continent. But he could not live long
to see he dream materialized in the shape of Pakistan in 1947. He died on the 21st of April, 1938.
His death was a great loss for the Muslims. He was buried near the gate of Shahi Mosque,
Lahore. Every year, Iqbal Day is celebrated to pay him homage. May his soul rest in peace.