Assignment morocco political systems in the arab world
“Assignment 1 ”
Course: Political Systems in the Arab World (Fall 2021 – PSC 401-A-PSC)
1- Write in one or two pages the main characteristics of the Moroccan system.
-The Main characteristics of the Moroccan system are, the political system is
democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy by hereditary of Alawi royal
family, however what is practiced in reality is way different from democracy wherein
an authoritarian rule is practiced as the monarch is the central decision maker and most
effective political actor, and he has lots of prerogatives, who is the head of state and
have the supreme executive power is the king or the monarch, he is the commander of
faithful, head of military and country’s religious leader as well as the head of supreme
judicial court and other powerful prerogatives such as he appoints prime minister and
the cabinet upon the recommendations of the prime minister.
-The executive branch, which is the government or Al-Makhzen consists of the prime
minister who presents government program to parliament as well as the cabinet are
officially appointed by the King, “but the government’s program must be approved by
a majority vote of the Chamber of Deputies after a debate in both parliamentary
-The legislative branch is bicameral, which has 2 chambers, the house of representatives
consists of 325-member are elected by proportional representation for five years term
and house of counselors consists of 270-member and indirectly elected by members of
electoral colleges for nine-year terms, parliament powers include budgetary matters,
approve bills, question ministers, and investigate the government actions. There is
separation of powers between the two branches according to the constitution.
-Political Parties: There are more than 40 political parties exist, 26 from them actively
participate in the house of representatives, so there is a multi-party system such as the
largest party in parliament is the socialist union of popular forces which is left, and the
party of Justice and Development (PJD) which is an Islamic party plays significant role
in politics and became the third large party in parliament.
-The traditional legitimacy approach of Moroccan system, made no existence of the
civic culture in the country, that has nothing to do with religion nor ideology, so
Moroccans enjoy less rights and awareness, unlike in Tunisia, for example. Parliament
and political parties their role is marginalized and reduced, and there are constraints
and censorship over media.
Governance & Politics of Morocco. Fanack.com. (2021, October 21). Retrieved
November 22, 2021, from https://fanack.com/morocco/politics-of-morocco/