Engl 1020 project proposal 5

Brayden Hamblen
Madeline Neyenhaus
27 February 2022
Research Proposal
Executive Summary
The fact that many people are getting discouraged from supporting their athletes in the
sporting field is a major concern. It is unfortunate when the sport that has once been loved is a
thing of the past. There are several benefits that we gain by participating in sports. The challenge
that faces the current sporting world is the desire by a few to achieve monetary value from
sports, an aspect that is contributing to the use of PEDs. This research is concerned with finding
out the reasons why distance runners continue to use PEDs despite being aware of the
consequences of doing so. The research will highlight relevant data and statistics about the
consequences of PEDs to athletes and to other groups. In addition, it seeks to establish how this
culture can affect society if it is not urgently addressed. There are different reasons such as the
desire to win that prompt athlete to use PEDs. It is also evident that there are some who use them
for fun. The resulting consequences can be devastating, with those who use excess doses
vulnerable to infection or even death. The love for this sport and the athletes is what has
informed this research to take off.
Statement of Need
Competitive sports and exercises are usually associated with numerous health benefits.
As a result, there is appositive potential that is realized that inspires the well-being of the
community. However, the gains made through competitive sports are being threatened by
scrupulous people who desire to benefit. According to Le Gerche and Brosnan (89), the
Brayden Hamblen
Madeline Neyenhaus
27 February 2022
Research Proposal
revelations that athletes are using performance enhancement drugs (PEDs) are affecting the trust
that funs had in the athletes and end up questioning whether their performance is genuine. While
the fans are starting to doubt whether the competition that they love is now a shadow of their
past, the athletes do not realize the negative impact that performance-enhancing drugs can have
on their health. This research, is, therefore, important to illustrate the negative impact of drugenhancing drugs not only on the athletes but on the sporting fraternity at large. The use of the
performance-enhancing drug is threatening sports as a powerful medium, together with the great
contribution that it makes across the globe. The focus of this research is to educate the athletes,
both those who use the drugs and those who don’t. For instance, they fail to realize that when the
revelation is done that they have been using these drugs, they may face a ban which may also be
accompanied by legal action ending in jail term. As noted by the North Western School of
Professional Studies (1), men fail to realize that performance-enhancing drugs in sports can lead
to prominent breasts, infertility, shrunken testicles, and impotence. In a research that was
conducted on performance-enhancing drug use in adolescence by White and Noeun (123), it was
reported that 98% of elite athletes use PEDs. This is despite the fact that they are aware that they
can get caught, but the motivation is that they get the result that they want. White and Noeun
(124), further observe that anabolic steroids are preferred considering that they increase muscle
mass, agility, and speed. It is further noted that in high school, between 1% and 12% of school
boys and 0.5% and 3% of school girls reported using anabolic steroids.
Benefits of Project
Brayden Hamblen
Madeline Neyenhaus
27 February 2022
Research Proposal
This project will provide vital information that will be used by athletes who are the target
audience to improve in PEDs topic. In addition, it targets officials of sports who must be aware
of areas that they need to work upon. It is through awareness that they are able to address the
root cause of this problem. The insight that this program will offer will ensure that athletes are
exposed to educational programs that will assist them in effective decision-making. As already
noted in the statement of need, the majority of the athletes are usually affected by PEDs. It is
worth noting that both males and females are affected by these drugs. Statistics as illustrated by
White and Noeun (123), noted that males can end up suffering impotence, reduction in the
production of sperm, breast tissue development, and shrinking of the testicles. On the other hand,
females can experience enlarged clitoris, abnormal menstrual periods, and deepen of the voice.
There are various reasons why athletes prefer to use these drugs. The findings by Adeola
et al. (40), noted that financial and material gains are the major factors that are influencing the
use of PEDs among athletes. The quest of winning the ultimate price is a major motivating factor
that prompts athletes, despite the possibility of being caught. There are other social and
psychological factors that are contributing to PEDs. The poor economic situation of some of the
athletes prompts them to want to use PEDs so as to overcome their situation. In most cases, you
will discover that athletes coming from poor countries will record the highest number of PEDs
used as compared to those from developed countries. The other factors arise from the
psychological factor. There is always a major motivation among athletes who have the
confidence and believe that they can win. Athletes who feel inferior, usually look at PEDs as a
solution to their inferiority. The lack of determination and self-confidence among athletes can
Brayden Hamblen
Madeline Neyenhaus
27 February 2022
Research Proposal
also be a contributing factor. There are other factors that discourage athletes from using PEDs.
The analysis by North Western School of Professional Studies (1), observed that those who are
unfortunate and get caught in the act lose their participation license. They end up being charged
with criminal offenses under the framework of cheating. This cat can negatively impact on the
athlete and their country. As a result, the fear of one’s country being banned from sporting events
can greatly discourage one from participating. Sporting can also be described as a job. Despite
the fact that some people do it for leisure, there are others who do it as a job. The fear of losing
one’s source of employment can also discourage and put them off from using PEDs. Apart from
those in the sporting fraternity, it is worth noting that there are other sets of people who are
affected by this situation (Murray et al., 7). The sporting council in respective countries may face
fines associated with a lack of preventing PEDs. This project seeks to prevent countries from
being banned from participating in major sporting competitions. In America, there are athletes
who have migrated from other countries and gained citizenship. The temptation to engage with
PEDs may result in the country going through the shame that may negatively affect its ranking.
Project description
There is need for action to be taken so as to derail the ever-increasing, widespread use of
performance-enhancing drugs in professional distance running. The purity of the sport, as well as
the long-term health of these world-class athletes, is potentially at stake. From the thesis
statement above, it is evident that there is growing concern among the people about the need to
limit the use of PEDs because it affects the rating of sports. I believe that I am highly qualified
based on my sporting background to undertake this project. According to Pujalte and Maynard
Brayden Hamblen
Madeline Neyenhaus
27 February 2022
Research Proposal
(1), exercise has been observed as having a multitude of benefits. It is through it that we are able
to prevent the spread of diseases. I have always believed that sporting should not be an option to
make money. I am one of those who appreciate that sports should be an opportunity of
improving our health. I have noted with concern, how sports are becoming a money minting
business where people end up using PEDs as they rush to become rich. The passion I have for
sports is what is influencing my desire to come up with solutions to respond to the threatening
issue. The research has already highlighted the direction that it seeks to take. This has been made
possible by the identification of the thesis statement. I followed this up with a central question
which was;

Why do professional distance runners continue to use performance-enhancing
drugs, with the understood knowledge of the negative effects (short and longterm) they have on the body?
In addition to the central question, I have also identified four different questions that will assist
in answering the main question. I believe that additional research will be necessary for this
project. The literature review that I have identified so far comprises of six references that support
the thesis statement and which will be vital in this research. Further research will be done by
identifying past and present literature that has observed and studied this issue and the outcome of
their research.
Work Cited
Brayden Hamblen
Madeline Neyenhaus
27 February 2022
Research Proposal
Adeola, Folusayo., Ndakotsu Abubakar, Mohammed & Olowoleni, Victor. FACTORS
IMPLICATIONS. 2020, http://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29994.34240.
La Gerche, Andre and Brosnan, J, Maria. Cardiovascular Effects of Performance-Enhancing
Drugs. Circulation, 135(1), pp. 89-99.
Murray, T.H., Maschke, K.J. and Wasunna, A.A., Eds.. PerformanceEnhancingTechnologies in
Sports: Ethical, Conceptual and Scientific Issues, The John Hopkins University Press,
Baltimore. 2009.
North Western School of Professional Studies. Exploring Topics in Sports: Why Do Athletes Risk
Using Performance Enhancing Drugs? 2015, https://sps.northwestern.edu/stories/newsstories/why-do-athletes-risk-using-PEDs.php
Pujalte, George G. & Maynard, Jennifer. The increasing importance of sports science and
medicine. Journal of International Medical Research. 2020, 48. 030006051982769.
White, D, Nicole and Noeun, James. Performance-Enhancing Drug Use in Adolescence.
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine; 11(2): 122-124.

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