Family health assessment ii emely

Family Health Assessment II
Emely Nunez Piedra
Grand Canyon University
March 24, 2022
Family Health Assessment II
Everyone wants to live a healthy life. Health is essential to one’s well-being since,
without it, nothing works properly. As a result, healthcare institutions all over the globe work
to develop good habits in populations. Nonetheless, health is influenced by a variety of
factors other than lifestyle decisions. They either boost or detract from a person’s health. The
social determinants of health (SDOH) are a collection of these factors. They include, among
other things, where you live, what you do for a living, your education level, your genetics,
and your income level. Each component has an effect on health on its own, but when taken
collectively, they have a tremendous impact (Hill-Briggs et al., 2021). All elements that
individuals are born into and grow up in that have an impact on their health in some manners
are included in the SDOH. The socioeconomic determinants of health for Kenneth’s family
(not their actual name) will be examined in this description, and family-centred health
promotion will be proposed.
After applying Gordon’s functional health patterns to Kenneth’s family, the following
elements were discovered. They are profession and degree of education. Occupation may
either benefit or harm a family’s health (Palmer et al., 2019). Both Kenneth and his wife work
as teachers at local schools. Their job has the following impact on the family’s health: First,
they travel to school and, when not teaching, generally spend the day in the office. As a
result, their occupation requires minimal physical exertion. They also do not exercise after
work or on weekends, with the exception of one weekend every month (Personal
communication). This family’s occupation has a negative impact since it prevents them from
participating in physical activities, which are essential for avoiding chronic diseases.
Furthermore, their jobs cause them to sleep late and not get enough sleep, putting them at risk
for illnesses.
Understanding and adopting healthy behaviors requires a certain amount of
information. There is a link between education and health literacy, according to research. As
a result, having a higher education enhances the likelihood of becoming health-literate and, as
a result, choosing a healthy lifestyle (Hill-Briggs et al., 2021). Kenneth and his wife both
have bachelor’s degrees, and Kenneth is now working on his master’s degree. Their greater
education has given them a better understanding of healthy living; as a result, they constantly
think about the nutritional content of food before buying it. Because both parents are healthconscious, the family eats a well-balanced diet. Despite having a higher education level, the
family does not participate in physical exercise. According to research, educated individuals
are more likely to be busy in their lives and, if they aren’t cautious, have unhealthy lifestyles
due to a lack of physical exercise.
Screenings for People of Different Ages
Health screening is critical for detecting diseases and implementing essential actions
before they worsen in order to speed up the healing process. Individuals are subjected to
health checks upon request from them or their care providers. Basic and age-appropriate
screenings are available. Furthermore, certain tests need medical expertise and abilities,
whilst others do not and may be performed at home (O’Donnell et al., 2019). The ageappropriate screenings for Kenneth’s family are listed below. Kenneth is 48 years old and
does not participate in sports. Obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure,
and cancer should all be checked on him. These are acceptable for him since his age and
lifestyle predispose him to them. Because of her inactivity, his wife should be checked for
diabetes, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and high blood pressure. All of the children’s health
problems should be checked.
Health Model and Family-Centered Health Promotion
The transtheoretical model, often known as the phases of change model, is the
greatest fit for Kenneth’s family. In six phases, this model depicts an individual’s or family’s
preparedness to alter behavior. The first step is pre-contemplation, in which the person
expresses no desire to act. The second stage is contemplation, in which there are intentions to
act as well as a plan that has yet to be carried out. Finally, the person or family is ready to act
and has taken the first steps. The fourth phase entails action, in which people alter their
behavior for a brief period of time (Kleis et al., 2020). The fifth step is maintenance, which
entails long-term behavior changes. Finally, the person expresses no wish to revert to his or
her old habits. This model is best suited to this family since none of them want to live a
healthy lifestyle that includes frequent physical exercise.
The following is a family-centered health promotion plan for Kenneth’s family based
on the transtheoretical paradigm. Because they have no plans or intentions to commence
physical activities, the family is at the first stage (pre-contemplation). This stage is marked by
a lack of understanding. As a result, kids need health education on the necessity of physical
exercise for good health in order to go to the second (contemplation) and third stages (action)
(preparation). They will take action once they grasp the significance, and after they have been
used to it, they will continue to exercise frequently or walk to and from work (Kleis et al.,
2020). They will have no desire to return to their previous unhealthy lifestyle once they reach
this point. In order to improve health in this household, education is essential.
Hill-Briggs, F., Adler, N. E., Berkowitz, S. A., Chin, M. H., Gary-Webb, T. L., Navas-Acien,
A., … & Haire-Joshu, D. (2021). Social determinants of health and diabetes: a
scientific review. Diabetes Care, 44(1), 258-279.
Kleis, R. R., Hoch, M. C., Hogg-Graham, R., & Hoch, J. M. (2020). The effectiveness of the
transtheoretical model to improve physical activity in healthy adults: A systematic
review. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 18(1), 94-108.
O’Donnell, T. F., Landon, B. E., & Schermerhorn, M. L. (2019). AAA screening should be
expanded. Circulation, 140(11), 889-890.

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