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The fatality review team approach is responsible for evaluating and analyzing causes of deaths
associated with intimate partner violence. Fatality review is an essential procedure as it collects
case-specific facts and experienced personalities on domestic violence. Practice and assessing the
fatality review approach varies among teams. Based on the resources, goals, and needs, every
team selects the most appropriate processes and documents that are good for them. Therefore,
assessing the fatality review approach team involves case identification and selection, case
notification and information request, case facts collection, organizing case facts, and collective
team discussion (Websdale et al., 2019). The team should be able to identify and select
appropriate fatality cases to review, especially any suicide, homicide-suicide, and homicide cases
that happened due to intimate partner violence. The fatality review team should begin with the
easily manageable issues as they progress into complex ones. In addition, case notification is an
essential aspect of the fatality review approach, and due to the privacy reasons, the team
members must be able to notify through emails where the team members can access the
identification details of the convicts, such as the brief description of the fatal event, date of death,
Moreover, the review team should be able to collect the case facts. The review team should
ensure the close determination of issues that results in fatal intimate partner violence. Therefore,
substantial case facts comprehensively help the review team understand the harmful activities.
The fatality review team approach also involves properly organizing the case facts. The team
should be able to compile and create a case timeline that facilitates good management of intimate
partner violence. Collaborative team discussion and analysis form the final component of the
fatality review team approach, where a broad area of domestic violence is discussed on a round
In most cases, murder-suicide is associated with domestic violence, especially when the affected
individual takes no appropriate action to seek proper guidance and counseling. Due to the
frequent intimate partner violence in various households, the victims become fed up with their
situations and may think of taking their lives (Kafka et al., 2022). Therefore, I believe murdersuicide is common in IPV situations because of access to guns, threats, previous history of
domestic violence, and poor mental health.
One of the reasons why murder-suicide is common in IPV situations is ready to access guns.
Some families have access to guns that they use to commit murder-suicide crimes. They shout
themselves based on the psychological stress they frequently experience due to domestic
violence. Many people in various families suffer psychological torture in their daily lives
primarily due to poor living standards, mistreatment, and disrespect by their intimate partners. It
has accelerated murder-suicide, particularly among people who have access to guns.
In addition, threats, especially by loved ones, may also result in suicidal acts. When a partner
threatens an individual, he or he may decide to end their life by committing suicide. For instance,
when a partner is abusive and constantly threatens to kill one another, it becomes apparent that it
may result in a murder-suicide.
Also, a prehistory of domestic violence among partners facilitates murder-suicide, especially
when one of the partners feels exhausted from the constant abusive relationship. It is the most
common risk factor associated with a murder-suicide. In one of the previous studies, over 80
percent of the men who killed their intimate partners were known to the authorities, such as the
military, judicial, and treatment professionals.
Moreover, mental health issues in various households have stimulated the murder-suicides since
they may hang themselves due to hallucinations. Also, the history of domestic violence may
contribute to murder-suicides in IPV situations since constant abusive partner relationships cause
psychological stress that eventually results in suicide by the affected individual. Therefore, I
would recommend that appropriate measures control the situation.
Kafka, J. M., Moracco, K. B. E., Taheri, C., Young, B. R., Graham, L. M., Macy, R. J., &
Proescholdbell, S. (2022). Intimate partner violence victimization and perpetration as precursors
to suicide. SSM-population health, 18, 101079.
Websdale, N., Ferraro, K., & Barger, S. D. (2019). The domestic violence fatality review
clearinghouse: introduction to a new National Data System focusing on firearms. Injury
Epidemiology, 6(1), 1-8.