order 2473 three stages of memory

Three stages of memory
What are the three stages of memory?
There are three stages of memory, sensory, short-term, and long-term memory.
Sensory memory mainly deals with encoding information. This is the memory stage that
processes the information that is collected using the five senses. However, it does not store
the memory after the stimulus has stopped (Yue, 2019). The second stage of memory is the
short-term or working memory that deals with memory storage; hence it holds the
information that a person is actively thinking about. Further, most of the information that
passes through the short-term memory is often forgotten. Nevertheless, if there is information
that an individual intends to remember, it is usually not forgotten, thus, stored in the third
memory stage, the long-term memory. Therefore, the information in the working memory is
stored for a few seconds, though less than a minute (Öğmen & Herzog, 2016). Long-term
memory mainly concerns the storage of information, where information is stored for a
prolonged period. Thus, the information passed on this type of memory can stay with the
individuals for days, months, or even years, depending on the individual’s significance to it.
Do all of these stages have to take place?
When it comes to memory, all three stages must be completed. The capability to take
ion information, store it, and remember it later is called memory. Therefore, all three steps
must occur for the information to be collected, processed, and subsequently remembered
(Öğmen & Herzog, 2016). Hence, this implies that if one of the stages is missed, the
information will not be either received, saved, or retrieved. Moreover, all the stages are
uncontrollable and executed by the brain.
Do they need to take place in order?
The memory stages must be completed correctly; failure to follow the correct order
would lead to problems at any point of processing, ranging from forgetfulness to amnesia.
Thus, the distractions that avert the processes from running smoothly would prevent people
from encoding the information in the initial stage. The information might not be processed
properly, or even it might not be transferred from the working to long-term memory.
Can something be retrieved if there was an error in the encoding process? Why or why
Any information that is not adequately encoded cannot be retrieved. Receiving,
sorting, and integrating the information are integral parts of the encoding process. The
knowledge from outside can enter people’s senses by encoding physical and chemical stimuli.
Hence, failure or errors that lead to inadequate encoding can prevent the information from
being retained in the long-term memory, averting its retrieval (Öğmen & Herzog, 2016).
Overall, retrieval is the process of recovering information from memory storage and binging
it back to the working memory or consciousness.
Öğmen, H., & Herzog, M. H. (2016). A new conceptualization of human visual sensorymemory. Frontiers in psychology, 7, 830.
Yue, C. (2019). Information processing model: Sensory, working, and long-term
memory. https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/executivesystems-of-the-brain/memory-lesson/v/information-processing-model-sensoryworking-and-long-term-memory

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