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Pericles was a Greek statesman and general during the golden age of Athens. He is
known for a funeral oration that he gave in the Peloponnesian war. Pericles was a patron of the
arts and he also continued to promote literature and philosophy up to his adulthood. It was
mainly through his efforts that Athens acquired the reputation of being the educational and
cultural center of the ancient Greek world. Greek history may be divided into two parts to clarify
events and relate them to education. The old Greek education covered the extended period from
the indefinite prehistoric era, known as the Heroic Age, to the Persian war’s end (HernándezSánchez 25). The new education began with the rise of Athenian supremacy resulting from the
Persian wars and it was best formulated by the period of transition, the age of Pericles. This
transition saw the beginning of a new philosophical trend and the formation of new educational
Education in ancient Greece was primarily for males and non-slaves. This should not
have been the case because both genders are entitled to an education. Informal education, mainly
offered by parents of the children, could have been improved by hiring a trained tutor to guide
the learners. This education should have also focused on an all-around life rather than only
focusing on fundamental necessities of basic living and military purposes. Pericles was the
behind the Greek changes in the education system. Athenian statesman largely responsible for
the full development, in the later 5th century of both the Athenian democracy and the Athenian
empire, making Athens the political and educational focus of Greece.
Hernández-Sánchez, Brizeida Raquel, José Carlos Sánchez-García, and Alexander Ward
Mayens. “Impact of entrepreneurial education programs on total entrepreneurial
activity: The case of Spain.” Administrative Sciences 9.1 (2019): 25.
Xu, Mingyue. “Contradictory Shakespeare: An Investigation of Female Protagonists in
Othello, Measure for Measure, and Pericles.” (2019).