Philippine literature through criticism

The importance of Philippine Literature
The importance of Philippine Literature is it allows people to learn about where they came from
and how past events work to shape the different cultures. Through studying literature look at
poems, essays, stories it can improve our reading skills and through reading it can enhance
your knowledge.
Why we need to study Philippine Literature
We study literature so that we can better appreciate our literary heritage. Through a study of
our literature, we can trace the rich heritage of ideas handed down to us from our forefathers.
Then we can understand ourselves better and take pride in being a Filipino.
the expression of disapproval of someone or something based on perceived faults or mistakes.
Literary criticism
Literary criticism is the comparison, analysis, interpretation, and/or evaluation of works
of literature. Literary criticism is essentially an opinion, supported by evidence, relating to theme,
style, setting or historical or political context.
What is the purpose of literary criticism?
Literary criticism refers to analysis and judgment of works of literature. It tries to interpret
specific works of literature, and also helps us to identify and understand different ways of
examining and interpreting them. Study of literary criticism contributes to maintenance of high
standards of literature.
Functions of literary criticism
The critic’s specific purpose may be to make value judgements on a work, to explain his or her
interpretation of the work, or to provide other readers with relevant historical or biographical
information. The critic’s general purpose, in most cases, is to enrich the reader’s understanding
of the literary work.
Philippine literature through criticism
People criticizing Philippine Literature because sometimes they see wrong in it and sometimes
the author/ writer don’t have enough evidence to prove it truth. But now a day because we are
now in new generation, it is easier to all of us to criticize the Philippine Literature because there
are many technologies that we can use to do it. But also don’t believe immediately on what you
have read in the internet because now a days many peoples criticizing the Philippine Literature
just to seek attention of others even they’re wrong, they’re continuously spreading incorrect
information just to make fun of it.
Muñoz, Kristel Mae
THS | 6:00PM-7:30PM
7TH Reporter
Topic: “Literary criticism”
• Refers to the act of studying, comparison, analysis and or evaluation of
works of literature. Literary criticism is essentially an opinion, supported by
evidence, relating to theme, style, setting or historical or political context.
• This may have a positive or negative bias.
• May be a study of an individual piece of literature or an author’s body of
• Is someone who argues or behalf of an interpretation or understanding of
the particular meaning of literary texts.
Literary Criticism as a Tool for Interpreting Literature
• The critic’s specific purpose may be to make value judgement on a work.
• The critic’s general purpose, in most cases, is to enrich the reader’s
understanding of literary work.
THS | 6:00PM-7:30PM
7TH Reporter
Topic: “Functions of literary criticism”
Why is it important for a student to know the functions of literary criticism?
We all know that literary works or literature reflects our own culture, what kind of
community we came from, and what what characteristics and personality we have as a person.
Through studying the functions of literary criticism, critics could easily analyze what kind of
written works it is. This also helps to identify and learn what kind of personality does a person
have. It also helps one written works to be recognized by other people and they could easily
make it as a countries own literature that may be useful in the future.
3 Functions of Literary Criticism
1. Evaluation
—re-evaluating any given text in a literary piece.
The purpose of literary criticism is to evaluate the appropriateness of literary works to aesthetic
principles. The aesthetic principles focus on the construction or organization of the written
works, grammar, and rhyming words for poems.
2. Judgement
— It means to give an informed opinion about a subject matter or issue. Judgement is a critics
personal opinion about what satisfactory level that a certain works could attain. Critics
examines the quality and level of originality of an overall works.
3. Interpretation
— It invokes discussions, reassess society and re-difine cultured-base on a literary text.
In interpretation, critics and even a readers can make something that is personally meaningful
for them while reading a certain work. Example of this is an interpretation of a readers or critics
in a written poem. Poems are known for containing or having lots of highfalutin words. An
author usually use proverbs or slogan to make their readers think deep and to have an out of
the box experience just by reading a literary piece.
THS | 6:00PM-7:30PM
7TH Reporter
Topic: “How to write a critical paper?”
What is Critical Essay/Paper?
It is a type of academic writing where the writer/ author analyzes and evaluates a particular text. The
authors claim a texts particular idea and then support it with an evidence that may came from the
books, theses, and evaluations from other professionals’ perspective. It could be a book, painting,
articles, movie etc.
There are 6 steps to create a critical essay:
1. Examine a source: read it carefully and critically.
First step of critical essay is to reading critically. Take note of the important details, the
instruments that the author uses to communicate to the readers. Take note of the
words, grammar constructions or styles being used. Think of a question that pop-up in
your mind while reading and write them too.
2. Organize your thoughts: figure out the core claim and evidence, do research of secondary
In this step you will be going to figure out the core topic and problem of the piece. Find
the central claim of the piece and the evidence demonstrating the claim. Does it have
difference or similarities to other corresponding works. Think of ideas that comes into
your mind and write it down. Once you write down all your ideas, organize them, group
of it and identify these areas for further research. Find secondary sources such as
scholarly articles or online reviews by experts to understand the original piece better.
Collect all references you need and make sure to give credit in your critical essay.
3. State a thesis: make sure it has both a claim and details sustaining it.
Based on the information you’ve gathered from the subject of evaluation (a book, a
movie, etc.) and secondary sources, write a thesis that will specify your essay’s
direction. It should be a one sentence thesis; whatever your claims are you must provide
proofs and details sustaining it.
4. Write an outline.
Outlining is a guide that will help you to write your critical essay easily. At this point, you
have arguments and evidences to evaluate in paragraphs. You must think well and
decide which evidence would support your thesis statement best. Outlining helps the
writers save time and structuralize all your points into paragraphs to make it easier for
you to write them.
5. Write a draft of your critically essay.
On writing a draft author must begin with an examination or a summary of the work and
its central claim. Then, evaluate and analyse it with the evidences. After that you have
to conclude your critical essay with the emphasis on its most essential insights. The
author must have to stay formal and objective; use language properly; remember about
references used; guide readers to follow your thought and claims.
6. Edit and improve your essay.
After writing your essay you might have to read it for a few times to see mistakes. You
can ask help from your friends, professor or parents for them to see your essay in a
different way as a reader to be exact and it will be easier for them to identify weak
points to edit.
Tips for Writing a Critical Essay

Practice smart reading.
Read some examples of critical essays.
Start writing a critical essay in advance.
Remember to introduce the author and the work you’re going to evaluate in your essay.
Avoid the “I think” or “in my opinion” when writing.
Document quotes, paraphrases, and other references you use in essays.
Resist the temptation of summarizing the source in general.
Critical Essay Outline
First, you need to introduce the author and the title of the work. Then, state the author’s main
point of the entire work or the section you’re going to evaluate in your critical essay. Next is to
state your evaluation of the work it should be at least 1-2 sentences. And finally, add any
background information that the reader might need to understand the work’s context.
The body is the most detailed part of the critical essay and it has several parts. It addresses
particular details and evidences that supports your claim. The first part is about the work’s
summary, a short report of the work you are evaluating. It can be an abstract of the work, in
here you must tell the overall point of the author. It should be written in third person, avoid
biased evaluation and avoid personal opinion. Then, the next part is composed of evaluation
and interpretation where analysis starts, it is the part where you evaluate the work’s strong and
weak parts and right after that the interpretation comes. It is about your opinion or response to
the work itself.
Critical essay conclusion doesn’t need to be too long. It is where you repeat the importance of
your topic, repeat the points you discussed, and summarize your interpretation of the work.

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