Physical education 1 reviewer midterm

TOPIC: Physical Education an Overview
Account Title: “Let us know about PE!”
What is Physical Education?

It is originated from the words physica and educatio both Latin words that
means physics and exercising the parts of the body and powers with the
purpose of promoting good health.

It is concerned with the promotion of active lifestyle for all ages.

It is a branch and state of learning that uses the physical strength and ability
of the learners as a way of acquiring knowledge, emotional stability, body
wellness and skills – factors contributory to the holistic lifelong growth and
development of an individual.

An integral part of the total education process and has its aims the
development of physical, mental, emotional, social and spiritual through
the medium of physical activities that have been selected and planned to
achieve specific outcomes.

Instruction in the development and care of the body ranging from simple
calisthenics’ exercises to a course of study providing training in hygiene,
gymnastics, and the performance and management of athletic games (MerriamWebster).
Physical education started from the primitive times when the name of the game
was survival of the fittest where hunting was the primary way to live and outsmart
the unskilled.
We can trace the history of physical education in ancient Greece, although it also
existed in ancient Chinese, Indian and Egyptian civilizations. However, the influence of
the Greeks has a greater impact on how we perceive physical education at
present that is originated in the Greek tradition of the Olympic Games.

1906 – Establishment of the Playground and Recreation Association of
America in order to promote the development of rural and urban playgrounds.

1916-1919 – Leadership for physical conditioning programs for the armed
forces and the home front were provided by physical educators.

1920-1929 – Continued expansion of Physical programs.

1940-1970 – Establishment of a Division of Physical Fitness in the Office of
Defense, Health and Welfare Services.

1970 to PRESENT DATE – Continuous growth due to technology in the area
of physical education and sports.
A. Pierre Fredy, Baron de Coubertin, a French nobleman instigated the revival
of the Ancient Olympic Games. This was the start of the modern Olympic
B. Johann Bernhard Basedow in Germany, recognized the importance of
exercise and included gymnastics in P.E allotting up to 3 hours per day for it.
C. Johann Friedrich Guts Muths was the Great Grandfather of Gymnastic. He
had developed the seesaw, horizontal ladder, climbing rope, rope ladder,
balance beam and the oblique wooden ladder. In his book “Gymnastic for
Youth” he regards his system of teaching as ‘Natural Gymnastic”,
D. Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi firmly believed in education through “natural laws”
that he included in his programs natural activities like running, climbing,
jumping, and self-discovery. Pestalozzi is regarded as the founder of free arm
exercises or calisthenics. Pestalozzi is considered as one of the founders of
modern education. He expressed his particular views on physical education in an
article “Concerning Physical Education” in 1807
E. Friedrich Ludwig Jahn, called “TurnvaterJahn” was the “father of
Gymnastics” he refused to use the word gymnastics because his deep sense of
F. AdoLi Spiess believed that the child should grow mentally, emotionally,
physically, and socially in school, with physical education having the same
consideration as the other subjects. His system of “free exercise” required
almost no apparatus.
G. Per Henrik Ling was regarded as the “founder of Swedish gymnastics.” He
invented the stall bars and the vaulting box or sweding box.
H. Niels Bukh developed the concept of “primitive gymnastics” to build perfect
I. Archibald MacLaren designed a system of physical education for the British
army in 1860.
J. Catherine Beecher was the founder of the American Women’s Educational
Association and the first woman noted to establish any kind of Physical
Education for women.
The Nature of Physical Education
‘That’s My Physical Education!”
This course exist in the elementary, secondary, and tertiary levels. Most often in the
tertiary it is taken as part of the general education program.
Basically, physical education guides students to acquire growth in their motor
skill; it is highly physical so that in teaching it, it is the most student-centered type of
all courses in college.
In doing the most basic function of physical education is to ensure physical
fitness. Three important aspects of the persons are also developed and these are
psychomotor, cognitive and affective.

➢ It is about the intellectual capabilities of the person.

➢ Generally, it is the aim of education to develop the emotional skills of
the students.

➢ It is the basic function of physical education, to build up physical
strength of the person. It develops organic system of the human body
whose outcome is power to resist fatigue.
There are several benefits that people can obtain from physical education.
1. Physical education activates sedentary lifestyle.
2. It promotes growths and development especially during a person’s growing
3. It maintains good health and fitness for adults.
4. Exercises and physical fitness are very helpful in the prevention of different
serious illness that usually occur in adulthood.
5. It provides people sound and knowledge and awareness of their body.
6. It gives and reminds people about the importance of physical activities and
the advantages of using motor skills on games and sports.
7. It installs virtues of sportsmanship, the self-fulfillment, self-confidence,
resourcefulness, and determination that are relevant to wholesome living.
8. It makes people physically fit.
9. It incorporate sports and aesthetic like gymnastics, dance and music.
10. It provides relief in releasing stress, negative energy and anxiety through
physically-driven activities that modify life and divert energy towards sounder
outlook in life.
The following are the benefits of an individual gets from regular exercise and physical
1. Energize one’s body and spirit.
2. Improve psychological, physical, and emotional well-being.
3. Enhance recreational and aesthetic involvement towards a more satisfying
outlook in life.
4. Reduce depression and anxiety.
5. Build and maintain healthy muscles, bones and joints.
6. Reduce risk and to common illness.
7. Maintain appropriated body weight form.
Physical Fitness
‘Fitness for Life”
What is Physical Fitness?
Physical Fitness is the capacity of an individual to complete effectively and
efficiently his daily activities and tasks without undue fatigue and still has extra
energy to do recreational activities. Medical Fitness (Healthy Body) and Dynamic
Fitness (can perform wide range of movements-skills) are qualities of a physically fit
Promotion of physical fitness is the primary objective in teaching physical
education subject.
An individual can achieve total fitness by having a healthy diet, appropriate nutrition,
correct exercise, proper hygiene and quality rests.
Physiological Fitness relates to the higher level of habitual physical activity.
Simple performance test using hand-held or portable devices such as weighing scale
and sit and reach box can be used. However, some components such as metabolic
fitness (MetF), morphological fitness (Morn, and bone integrity (BI) are measured using
special equipment in laboratory or medically supervised facility.
Are you physically fit?
If you are, then you are healthy and possess these qualities.
1. You Look Good
Regular physical activity is a healthy lifestyle. If you observe proper nutrition,
good posture and good body mechanics, then you have a healthy lifestyle that
can help you look your best.
2. You Feel Good
You will feel better if you engage in regular physical activity.
3. You Enjoy Life
You will enjoy life more when you have regular physical activities that make
you physically fit, allowing you to do more of the things you want to do.
4. You Are Ready To Meet Emergencies
You can help or assist other people who need help if you are fit and active.
TOPIC: Physical Fitness-Components and its Parameters
‘Let’s Get Physical!’
Fitness Parameters
To achieve your desired level of fitness, you should consider the following fitness
These fitness parameters are directly
This fitness parameters enable a person
attributed to the good physiological
to perform physical or sports activity.
function of your body in order to
They check one’s motor fitness and are
contribute to good health.
directed to good performance.
1. Cardio-respiratory endurance is the
1. Agility’s the ability to shift one’s body
measurement that checks if the heart,
in different directions quickly and
lungs, and muscles work in unison to
efficiently. People can join basketball
provide oxygen and blood during exercise and volleyball drills requiring quick
or workout. A person needs to attend
change of directions or play patintero with
swimming and aerobics classes or do
skipping rope, brisk walking, and running.
2. Muscular endurance is a muscular
2. Balance is the ability of the body to
training exercise to perform repeated
maintain stability in statistic or when
exercises without getting tired.
moving while resisting the force of
gravity. It is also the ability to hold the
body in a fixed position. Making routines
3. Muscular strength is the most
in a balances beam is a good example or
considered component among all
performing gymnastic positions like one-
components of physical fitness. It is
leg stand, bridge stand or v-sit.
one’s ability to lift weights. Joining
weight training sessions and helping build
3. Coordination is a skill related
one’s muscles are good for the body.
component of physical fitness that relates
to one’s ability to use the senses, such
4. Flexibility is the component that
as sight or hearing, together with other
allows all joints in the body to move in
body parts in performing motor tasks
their full range of motion. Attending
smoothly and accurately.
yoga classes is an excellent exercise.
4. Reaction time is the ability to react
5. Body composition is the relative
and make decisions quickly. Examples
proportion of muscle fat, bone and
are passing and catching in sports and
other tissues that comprise the body.
tagging games.
If an individual’s body has a high amount
of body fat, it will be difficult for him or her
5. Speed is the ability to perform
to attain physical fitness.
successive movements of the same
pattern in the shortest period of time.
6. Organic Vigor refers to the
Best exercises are joining running events
soundness of the heart, lungs, and
in the school community.
cardio-respiratory system of the body.
6. Power is the capacity to produce
maximum force.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat