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North Carolina Indian Tribes
North Carolina also recognized Guilford Native American Association (Guilford and surrounding counties),
Cumberland County Association for Indian People (Cumberland County), Metrolina Native American
Association (Mecklenburg and surrounding counties), and Triangle Native American Society (Triangle and
surrounding counties) (Wake and surrounding counties).
The Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians is the sole federally recognized tribe in North Carolina. The Lumbee Act
of 1956 merely recognized the tribe in name.
Some may assume that land treaties are the sole example of government engagement with Indians. The N.C.
Commission on Indian Affairs, established in 1971, demonstrates the state’s excellent connection with American
Indian residents, tribes, and organizations. These relationships are clearly documented in North Carolina
legislation, rules and regulations governing state-funded programs, including rules governing historic Indian
schools, court judgements, and church groups. The federal government now acknowledges North Carolina’s
significant American Indian heritage.