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Once upon a time, science taught us that the human brain stops growing throughout infancy; nevertheless, we
now understand that the brain is always evolving and changing. In response to experiences, many areas of the
brain are activated, and our’software’ may be updated via learning.
Although neurological truths have been established, some individuals still believe that you are trapped with the
abilities and’smarts’ that you were born with. Psychologists Carol Dweck and Carol Dweck of Stanford
University were the first to investigate the concepts of fixed and development mindsets, respectively.
Dr. Dweck’s key study defined the two major ways in which individuals think about intelligence or ability as
having one of the following characteristics:
A fixed mentality is a state of mind in which individuals assume that their intellect is permanent and
A growth mindset is a way of thinking in which individuals feel that their brains and abilities may be increased
via hard work and education.
People who have a fixed mentality tend to feel that their level of knowledge and talents is predetermined by
birth or genetics. According to Dr. Dweck’s own words, those who have a fixed mentality believe that “they
have a certain amount [of intellect] and that’s it, and so their aim becomes to seem clever all of the time and
never look stupid.”
People who have a development mindset, on the other hand, recognize that not understanding something or not
being excellent at anything is a transient condition, and as a result, they don’t feel the need to feel humiliated or
attempt to show that they are smarter than they presently are.
According to Dweck, kids who have a growth mindset “understand that their gifts and abilities may be enhanced
through work, excellent instruction, and perseverance.”