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The human brain is continually growing and changing, contrary to popular belief. The brain responds to events
and may be updated via learning.
Despite the scientific evidence, some individuals believe you are born with certain qualities and ‘smarts’. The
concept of fixed and development mindsets was initially explored by Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck.
In her foundational study, Dr. Dweck outlined two primary ways individuals think about intelligence or ability:
A fixed mentality believes one’s intellect is fixed and stagnant.
The belief that intellect and skill may be developed through effort and education.
A fixed mentality believes their intellect and talents are intrinsic. The objective of fixed mentality individuals is
to “appear clever all the time and never seem dumb”, according to Dr. Dweck.
People with a development mindset recognize that not understanding or being excellent at anything is transient,
so they don’t have to feel humiliated or attempt to show themselves wiser.
Effort, effective instruction, and perseverance are the hallmarks of a development mindset, according to Dweck.