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Consequences of drug addiction among adolescents
Children and adolescents who abuse substances on a consistent basis frequently experience a variety of
problems, including academic difficulties, health-related problems (including mental health issues), poor peer
relationships, and involvement with the juvenile justice system. Furthermore, there are ramifications for family
members, the community, and the entire society as a result of this decision.
Adolescent drug misuse is connected with a variety of difficulties, including poor academic performance,
absenteeism from school and other activities, and an increased likelihood of dropping out of school. A low
degree of dedication to school and greater truancy rates among adolescents, according to Hawkins, Catalano,
and Miller (1992), are associated with drug abuse among adolescents, according to their study. Teens who use
alcohol or drugs may experience cognitive and behavioral problems, which can interfere with their academic
performance and also create barriers to learning for their peers (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1992).
Among the health-related consequences of adolescent substance abuse are injuries caused by accidents (such as
car accidents), physical disabilities and diseases, as well as the effects of possible overdoses. Youth who use
alcohol and other drugs in large numbers are at an increased risk of death from suicide, homicide, car accidents,
and illness, as well as other causes.
The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) study, which was conducted in a representative sample of
hospitals throughout the United States, reports trends in the number of people who seek emergency department
treatment for illegal drug use or nonmedical use of legal drugs, as well as the types of drugs they use.
Preliminary 1994 estimates indicate that drug-related emergency department visits among youth ages 12 to 17
increased by 17 percent between 1993 and 1994, according to preliminary 1994 estimates. This rise was larger
than that seen in any of the older age groups that have been studied. Emergency department visits related to
marijuana/hashish for youth ages 12 to 17 increased by 50 percent between 1993 and 1994, which is a
significant increase (McCaig, 1995). In 1993, 91 children and adolescents between the ages of 12 and 17 died as
a result of drug abuse (Office of Applied Studies, 1994).
It is most often transmitted through sexual contact with a person who is infected with HIV/AIDS or through the
sharing of unsterile drug-injection equipment that HIV/AIDS is spread. An other important mode of
transmission occurs during pregnancy or the birthing process, when mothers pass on their antibodies to their
offspring. An alarmingly large number of substance-abusing adolescents engage in behaviors that put them at
risk of contracting HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases. Using psychoactive drugs (especially those
administered intravenously) or engaging in risky activity as a consequence of poor judgment and impulse
control when under the influence of mood-altering substances are examples of this kind of behavior. When
compared to the rates of AIDS diagnoses among most other age groups, teenagers have a relatively low rate of
AIDS diagnoses. The fact that HIV infection can take years before symptoms appear suggests that many young
adults who are now suffering from AIDS were actually infected with the virus as adolescents.