Socrates two arguments about human soul

Socrates’ Two Arguments about Human Soul
1. Socrates opines that the soul is composed of three distinct components: the
logical, the sensation, and the spirit.
a) Additionally, these components correspond to the three levels of a just and
upright society. Human justice entails balancing the three components, with
reason ruling and appetite subservient.
b) Thus according Socrates, the appetitive component of the soul is responsible
for human emotions (Plato, 2017).
c) It is responsible for the automatic desires necessary for survival, such as thirst
and hunger, as well as for irrational urges such as the impulse to overfeed.
Two Arguments as put forward by Socrates
2. Socrates contends that the intellect soul is the reasoning aspect in each human
being that determines what is real and what is simply apparent, decides what is
accurate and what is wrong, and makes logical judgments wisely.
a) Ultimately, the energetic soul generates cravings for victory and dignity. In the
good soul, the spirit serves as an executor of the faculty of reason, ensuring
that reasonable principles are followed.
b) Emotions such as outrage and fury are the result of the spirit’s disillusionment
(Plato, 2017).
3. The intellectual is the reasoning element of the soul that desires and wants to learn
the truth. Initially, Plato associates the soul governed by this section with the
Athenian character.
a) Plato argues that while the logistikon is the weakest component of the soul (as
kings are the least population inside the Republic), a soul might well be
established if only all three aspects concur that the logistikon should govern
(Plato, 2017).
b) As per Socrates, the spirited is the element of the soul that causes us to be
angry or enraged.
c) Additionally, he refers to this section as ‘high spirit,’ and initially associates
the soul governed by this region with the Thracians, Scythians, and those from
‘northern areas.’

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