Unit 3 writing learning assignment

Topic: “Summarize the five hypotheses of the Krashen Model of second language acquisition.
Then, use an example of how at least three of the five hypotheses have influenced specific
classroom practices in English language teaching”.
The first hypothesis “The acquisition-learning hypothesis” differentiates between these two terms,
first being unconscious, natural, informal situations, and involving natural communication in the
target language while the second involves conscious process informal situations and uses of
grammatical rules. Krashen believed that “ language acquisition” is the best and sole way of
learning 2nd language. (Example 1)Therefore, for the teacher of 2nd language, the best way is to
develop an environment where the language is utilized to accomplish reliable drives, This would
result in helping the students to acquire the language rather than learning it.
The second hypothesis “The monitor hypothesis” elaborate on the relationship between acquisition
and learning, in addition also explaining how learning influence acquisition. There are three forms
of monitor hypothesis to acquire language competence i.e. time, focus on form, and knowing the
rules. Krashen stated that the acquisition system act as an utterance initiator, on the other hand,
the learning system act as the editor or monitor in editing, correction function, and planning.
According to Krashen the role of conscious learning is limited in the 2nd language, consequently,
the role of the monitor must be negligible. He also explained the terms extroverts, introverts, and
perfectionists i.e. under-users, over users respectively. The over-use of the monitor is termed as a
lack of self-confidence. ( Example 2) In teaching practice in the classroom, there is a challenge
for 2nd language teachers to foray a balance between fluency and accuracy at the same time.
Although various variables like language level of pupils, the context, and personal goals of
individual students influence the balance. The monitor hypothesis helps the 2nd language teacher
to maintain a productive balance between these two terms.
The third hypothesis “ The natural order hypotheses” deals with the acquisition of grammatical
structures. The explicit instructions do not affect acquiring language that follows particular order
which is independent of the age of learners, background, and exposure conditions. But according
to Krashen, there is no need for grammatical sequencing to language acquisition. (Example 3)
This hypothesis emphasizes the conducive way of learning i.e. while teaching the 2nd language the
teacher should know and be conscious that certain structures of a language are easier to acquire
than others. Therefore, teacher must start by introducing the concepts which are relatively easier
for 2nd language learners to acquire and then stepwise enhance the difficulty level.
The fourth hypothesis “ The input hypothesis” elaborates the progress of acquisition of language
when learners comprehend language input i.e. extra progressive than their current level. Krashen
termed this as “i +1” where I stand for inter-language, ‘+1’ stands for next level of language
acquisition. According to the last hypothesis “ the affective filter hypothesis” i.e. the negative
emotions like fear, embarrassment, etc. limited learners’ ability to acquire language. According to
Krashen, “ successful acquisition language learner’s should possess features like high enthusiasm,
self-assurance, a better self-perception, and low apprehension. The features like little incentive,
low self-image, incapacitating disquiet collectively raise the affective filter and induce a “ mental
block” that prohibits logical input from being castoff for acquisition.
Krashen (1982) urged that the syllabus must not be based on the “natural order hypothesis”.
Similarly, several grammar programs are teacher-centered i.e. the formulation of point given are
easy or hard for the teacher. These programs should be student-centered based on whether they
found it easy or difficult.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with StudyAcademia.com
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat